Rosacea is a skin condition most commonly seen in adults, generally of lighter complexions. It’s symptoms include a persistent redness on the nose and cheeks as well as the chin and forehead caused by small blood vessels under the skin that dilate (expand). This causes the “blush” of redness that develops gradually, increasing over time. If untreated, an inflammation of the oil glands and increasingly visible blood vessels (most commonly seen on the nose), resulting in shiny, bumpy, bulbous skin. Pimples may develop as well, which is why it is sometimes considered to be “adult acne.”
Surveys have shown that the most common trigger of Rosacea symptoms is sun exposure, followed by chemicals released by the nervous system when the body is under stress. In some adults, symptoms worsen after consuming alcohol, exercising or when exposed to other triggers such as eating spicy foods and using certain creams and make-up. Treatment usually include topical creams, medication and surgery to correct nose disfigurement caused by hardened boil-like skin.